Career Profile:

Marine Biologist

Ocean Tracking Network, 2015
Ocean Tracking Network, 2015


Median Yearly





This unit group is for all biologists and related scientists: Scientists in this field conduct basic and applied research to extend knowledge of living organisms, to manage natural resources, and to develop new practices and products.

Work type:


Most likely to work in:

Cape Breton, Halifax

Most employees have:

Post-Graduate Degree / Bachelor's Degree



What you do

Marine Biologists are responsible for understanding marine life by studying the distribution, abundance and life histories of animals and plants in the sea, and how these aspects are governed by environmental factors.

In the oceans technology sector, marine biologists utilize innovative technology to increase our collective knowledge of marine species. For example, marine biologists track marine animals around the world using acoustic telemetry in order to understand migration patterns.

A Marine Biologist performs some or all of the following duties:

  • Study the behaviour, evolution, distribution, and relationships among organisms in a marine environment;
  • Use electronics and other instruments to measure the physical and chemical properties of water;
  • Study the structure of marine communities and assist in the rehabilitation of damaged ecosystems; and
  • Take samples of marine organisms and conduct laboratory tests using equipment such as electron microscopes.

What you need

  • Enjoy being at sea
  • Enjoy research
  • A sense of responsibility and strong leadership qualities
  • Comfortable working with marine mammals
  • Physical stamina to do field research
  • Possess excellent problem-solving and decision-making skills
  • Able to communicate and cooperate with others, as marine biologists usually work in teams

References and further reading

* The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is "fair", which indicates the changes of a qualified individual finding work is around average.